You probably know fruits and vegetables are a good source of vitamins, minerals and fibre. What sets them apart from other foods are a group of beneficial substances called phytochemicals. Although unfamiliar sounding, you may have come across common phytochemicals – carotenoids, flavonoids and phenolic acids. Many of these phytochemicals are antioxidants, and they have been known to fight or prevent certain diseases including premature aging, heart diseases and certain types of cancer.
Ever wondered why an apple isn’t purple or a tomato isn’t white? We have phytochemicals to thank for that. They give fruits and vegetables their distinctive colours! Nature is not only bountiful, it even has the good sense to colour code a treasure trove of nutritious fruit and vegetables as well.
Know your colour groups
Fruits and vegetables of this colour group are packed with carotenoids that help stave off infections and also help promote clear, bright eyes.
Greens are probably the most common of all colour groups, but don’t be fooled. They are rich in carotenoids. These phytochemicals are masked by chlorophyll, a green-coloured pigment.
If healthy skin is your thing, you should seriously consider fruits and vegetables of this colour group. This colour usually denotes a high content of anthocyanins and phenolic acids.
Red is the colour of vitality and for good reason too! Fruits and vegetables of this colour group are rich in lycopene that helps promote a healthy heart and body.
White is probably the last colour group that comes to mind when thinking about fruits and vegetables, so try not to forget them. They contain many essential vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals important to your health.